The unintended consequences of Government proposals to remove 90-day notice terminations… great for feral tenants; terrible for Sandra and other victims.
Guest post by Peter Lewis
Sandra & Terry
Sandra and her husband Terry live in a small house down a private right-of-way. They have been there for a few years and like the location. It is handy to Terry’s work, and Sandra can easily catch the bus to her part-time job as a teachers aide.
The next door neighbours
The neighbouring house on the road frontage is a rental, and some months ago new tenants moved in. Although the previous occupants were pleasant and quiet, the new tenants are not.
After they had lived there for just two nights Sandra heard them screaming at each other, obviously holding a noisy and heated domestic argument. This has now become a regular occurrence. They also take drugs, get drunk regularly, fight, have large and intimidating gang members visiting, play deafening music until the early hours, and regularly have the police calling on them.
What to do?
“So what can we do about it?” Sandra asked.
“Find out who is the landlord”, she was told, “and ask them to take action”.
The landlord, she has now discovered, is Housing New Zealand.
Sandra spoke to the property manager there, and voiced her concerns.
“We can discuss the problem with those tenants” she was told, “and help them to behave better. We have an overall aim of maintaining sustainable tenancies and to help people remain in, or get back to, a state of wellbeing and assist them to lead happy, balanced, fulfilling lives.”
“But what about us?” asked Sandra. “If these people continue to carry on like this, will you get rid of them? They’re causing havoc in the neighbourhood!”
Instructed by Government to ignore their rights
“Like all landlords, we work under the Residential Tenancies Act” said the manager. “There are provisions under that Act to terminate the tenancies of people who exhibit anti-social behaviour. However, we have been instructed by the Government that we are not to use this provision, and instead we must work with our clients to help them live better lives”.
“While we suffer!” said Sandra.
Favouring the feral neighbours from hell
Not content with leaving the neighbours of Housing New Zealand houses vulnerable to feral tenants like these, the Government is now considering removing the ability for all landlords to terminate a tenancy with what they refer to as a 90-day ‘no reason’ notice. This change would apply to both Housing New Zealand and all private landlords.
Sandra is not a tenant. She and Terry own their own home, but they now have to put up with neighbours from hell. They could sell, but why should they be forced out? And who would buy? So this move affects everyone – owner-occupiers, the good tenants next to the problem tenants, and landlords.
The publicity around this proposal seems to be based on some fundamental misconceptions around the powers of landlords and their behaviour.
The fake ‘No Reason 90-day Notice’
There is actually no such thing as a ‘No Reason 90-day Termination Notice’. There is always a reason why a landlord would issue such a notice. To actually state the reason is to give grounds for an argument and for the subsequent making of false promises about improvements in behaviour and conduct, promises that are seldom if ever kept.
Every sane landlord’s fundamental desire is to keep every rental property tenanted for each and every day of the year. That’s the way they maximise their cashflow and thus their income.
No landlord terminates a tenancy just on a whim, because they feel like it. A day’s vacancy is a day’s rent they can never ever recover, and most terminations result in a week or more between tenants moving out and the new tenants moving in. That is income permanently and irrevocably lost.
Did you know that landlords can’t evict tenants?
Contrary to widespread belief, a landlord cannot evict a tenant. ‘Eviction’ sounds great in the shock-horror media stories, but no residential landlord actually has the power to evict.
A landlord can terminate a tenancy within the legal timeframes, but if the tenant then refuses to leave the property the landlord must then go to the Tenancy Tribunal and ask for a Possession Order.
If then, despite the Possession Order and the presence of a Bailiff, the tenant still occupies the property the landlord must then go to the District Court with his Possession Order and request an Eviction Order.
If the District Court issues that Order he must then take that to the Police for them to actually carry out the eviction.
Thus an eviction is a matter for the District Court and the Police, never the landlord.
The popular image of jackbooted landlords evicting tenants left right and centre is pure fabrication.
Entrenching the feral neighbours from hell
If the proposal to remove 90-day notice terminations proceeds, any disruptive and socially undesirable tenants could only be removed by a Tenancy Tribunal ruling. This would need proof from their neighbours as witnesses to their misdeed.
Sandra, like most people, would be fearful of giving evidence in front of a Tenancy Adjudicator against their feral neighbours while their intimidating gang associates look on. This opens up the potential for verbal abuse and physical retaliation.
Removing the fixed-term tenancy option
It is likely that this change will be accompanied by the removal of the fixed-term tenancy option so, in effect, all tenancies will be periodic, only terminating either when the tenant chooses to depart or can be proven to have breached either the Tenancy Act or the tenancy agreement. Even on a sale of the property the tenant would have the right to remain. The property may well be trapped into the rental market, and if sold, that would have to be to another landlord, not a potential owner-occupier.
Would people rent out their own home while they are away overseas for a year or two? Probably not, as under this proposal it would be impossible to regain occupation of the property when they return. Once a rental, always a rental.
Thus we would see these houses sitting empty and dusty while the homeless huddle shivering in the streets.
Who benefits if the Government’s proposal to eliminate the 90-day notice option is adopted?
Feral and life-incompetent tenants.
Who would suffer?
All other housing occupants, both owner-occupiers and good tenants.
Wherever you live, however you live, regardless of your home ownership status, your life could easily be made miserable, your sleep ruined, and your family threatened because no landlord, public or private, would be able to control the behaviour of those who would now have unfettered occupation of the property.
This is a guest blog from APIA member Peter Lewis. Guest blogs are a way for contributors to share their views and experiences with our audience and do not necessarily reflect the views and position of NBCO.